Transportation and Logistics in Xiamen
1. The Port of Xiamen
The Port of Xiamen is one of the major natural deep-water ports on the Chinese Mainland. It is an international shipping center in Southeast China and serves as one of China's base ports and container hub terminals. There are 135 regular container shipping routes including 79 international routes and 44 routes leading to the countries along the Maritime Silk Road. In 2017, the cargo throughput of Xiamen Port amounted to 211 million tons and the container throughput reached 10.38 million TEUs (twenty-foot equivalent units), making it the 14th largest in the world.
Since the launch of direct cargo shipments across the Taiwan Straits in 2008, Xiamen Port has opened the Xiamen-Taichung container direct shipping route, “Cosco Star” ro-ro/passenger shipping route, Xiamen-Taiwan cruise shipping line, and Xiamen-Penghu passenger shipping route. In 2017, sixteen million traveled via the Xiamen-Jinmen route, which runs 36 voyages every day.
2. Xiamen International Airport
As a regional aviation hub in East China, Xiamen International Airport has opened 182 air routes leading to 109 cities in China's Mainland, Hong Kong, Macao, Southeast Asia, Japan, R.O.K, U.S., and Europe. In 2016, the passenger throughput was 22.74 million, and the airfreight throughput reached 328,400 tons. Scheduled cargo flights go to Tokyo, Nagoya and Osaka in Japan, Chicago, Los Angles, Amsterdam, Luxembourg, and Hong Kong.
3. Railways and Highways
Xiamen is a regional railway transport hub in terms of both passenger- and freight- handling capacity. It boasts Xiamen Railway Station, Xiamen North Railway Station, the large freight yard in front of Xiamen Rail and Dongfu Railway Marshaling Yard, and is connected to the national railway network through Yingtan-Xiamen Railway, Fuzhou-Xiamen Railway, Longyan-Xiamen Railway, and Xiamen-Shenzhen Railway. Xiamen is also a land transportation hub in Southwest Fujian, given its various highways including Shenyang-Haikou Expressway, Xiamen-Chengdu Expressway, Xiamen-Anxi Expressway, as well as National Highways 319 and 324. Container freight services between Xiamen, Shenzhen and Hong Kong are flourishing and convenient. In 2017, the cargo throughput was 7.91 million tons and the passenger throughput stood at 26.14 million, up by 14.4 percent and 9.0 percent year-on-year.
Xiamen houses four logistics parks, namely, Haicang Logistics Park, Modern Logistics Park, Xinlin Logistics Park and Liuwudian Logistics Park. Fujian E-port covers all the main logistics operation points in Xiamen customs area and all ports in Fujian Province. Organizations and agencies relevant to the customs clearance procedures---customs, CIQ, Station of Exit/Entry Frontier Inspection, logistics parks, logistics centers, wharfs, storage yards, shipping agencies, cargo agencies, air cargo stations, customs brokers and trading companies---are all networked, and thus the procedures are streamlined.
[Photo by Hu Meidong/China Daily]
Xiamen is designated as one of China's nine prioritized logistic zones, i.e., the regional logistics hub on the Southeast Coast of China and a first-rate city in terms of logistic parks layout.