Historical Evolution

2017-03-17

 

As early as 5,000 years ago, the indigenous inhabitants created the world-renowned Tanshishan culture. In the Western Zhou Dynasty, seven tribes appeared and flourished in this land, called Seven Min (seven administrative divisions). In the mid Warring States period, after the Yue State collapsed, some ethnic Yue people unwilling to submit themselves to the rule of Chu State emigrated southward to the land of Min and merged into the indigenous Min people to form the Ethnic Minyue. At the end of Warring States period, Mr. Wuzhu governed the land of Fujian and the neighboring areas of South Zhejiang, East Jiangxi and West Guangdong, and claimed himself the King of Minyue State. He established the capital in Ye (now Fuzhou city), thereafter the regime came into being in Fujian. In the Qin Dynasty, Minzhong Prefecture was set up in this area, with Fujian under its jurisdiction. Thence, Fujian started to appear in the map of China. Emperor Gaozu of the Han Dynasty entitled Wuzhu as King of Minyue State. In 260, Jian’an County (now Jian’ou City) was established during Yong’an reign of the Three Kingdoms. In 733, an official post of Fujian military commissioner was set up during the Kaiyuan Reign of the Tang Dynasty (618-907). From then on, the area has been known as Fujian. During the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279), Fujian was composed of one Fu, five Zhous, and two Juns. For that reason, the province is also known as Eight Min (eight administrative divisions). In the Yuan Dynasty, province was set up in the area. In the Ming Dynasty, Fujian administrative commissioner's office governs eight Fus, one Zhou and sixty counties. The Qing Dynasty inherits the administrative division system from the Ming Dynasty. While in 1684, the 23rd year of the reign of Emperor Kangxi, Taiwan Fu (municipality) was established under the jurisdiction of Fujian Province. In 1886, the 12th year during the reign of Emperor Guangxu, Taiwan was singled out from Fujian and upgraded to a province.

 

Fujian was an important birthplace of China’s marine culture and a major commercial center in history. Quanzhou City, a starting point of the ancient Maritime Silk Road, witnessed the flourishing international trade of China and the bustling scenarios of foreign merchants coming in flocks. And Mawei Port, the cradle of modern Chinese shipbuilding industry and a famous naval base, had cultivated numerous high-caliber talents.

 

Fujian is also the birthplace of many regional cultures, such as Minnan culture (Southern Fujian culture), Hakka culture, Mazu culture, shipyard culture, Zhu Xi culture, Ethnic SHE culture and Revolutionary culture. The province houses a number of world heritage sites. Wuyi Mountains (a world cultural and natural heritage site), Fujian Tulou (the earthen buildings, a world cultural heritage site), Taining Danxia landscape (a world natural heritage site), and two Global Geoparks (Taining and Ningde), just to name a few.

 

It’s here in Fujian that many outstanding talents and historical figures were brought up, such as Wang Shenzhi, Zhu Xi, Song Ci, Zheng Chenggong, Lin Zexu, Yan Fu, Lin Shu, Chen Jiageng, Bing Xin, Hou Debang, and Chen Jingrun.

 

 

[ Web editor:Wu Jianhan, Robin Wang    Source:brics2017.org ]