跟我学汉字: 班(bān)

2018-08-01

 

字形:

 

古体字,是刀在两玉之间,表示用刀把玉石分开,这就是的本义。作为动词有分开的意思,后来引申出名词和量词的概念,用来指分开后的人群。过去是军队里的一个编制,现在把学校的学生分开也叫做,把工人分开也叫做,意思是为了工作或学习等目的而编成的组织。

 

The ancient form of the character "" was like a knife between two pieces of jade, indicating to separate a jade with a knife. The original meaning of the verb "" was "to separate". Later it became a noun and measure word, meaning a group of people. "" used to refer to a military unit "squad", and now students at school are also divided into "" (meaning "class"). Separated workers are also called "", which means "shift". So the current meaning of the character "" is an organization of people for the purpose of work or study.

 

字义:

 

class

 

组词:

 

班级(bānjí):class

上班(shàngbān):go to work

值班(zhíbān):on duty

班长(bānzhǎng):class monitor

航班(hángbān):flight

班车(bānchē)scheduled bus

 

例句:

 

1. 我上班的地方离我住的地方很远。

Wǒ shàngbān de dìfang lí wǒ zhù de dìfang hěnyuǎn.

My workplace is far away from where I live.

 

2. 他是我们的班长。

Tā shì wǒmen de bānzhǎng.

He is our class monitor.

3. 今天谁值班?

Jīntiān shéi zhíbān?

Who is on duty today?

[ Web editor:Robin Wang    Source:english.cri.cn ]